IUD Implant Birth Control
Intrauterine Devices are small T-shaped devices implanted in the uterus by a doctor. It will stay there between 3 and 10 years depending on the type you choose to use. These devices are more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. This is far more effective than pills, patches, or rings.
If you decide you want to get pregnant or don’t want to use the IUD anymore, it can be easily removed. Please note that only a doctor should remove the device. Do not try to take it out on your own.
There are both hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs to choose from.
Hormonal IUDs (Skyla, Kyleena, Liletta, Mirena) have progestin embedded within their plastic body. The progestin is slowly released and works by thickening the cervical mucous and creating an environment within the uterus that inhibits fertilization. An added benefit of this type of IUD is the reduction or suppression of menses. This class of IUD can last from 3 to 8 years depending on the brand chosen. It is important to discuss with your provider your needs to determine which one is best for you.
The non-hormonal IUD (Paragard) is also plastic, but has copper wrapped around its stem and arms. This combination interferes with sperm transport and fertilization and can last for up to 10 years. The benefit of this method is an extremely effective method of contraception without hormones for those that are unable or unwilling to use hormonal contraception.
Birth Control Implant (Nexplanon)
There is currently only one non-uterine implant available for contraception called Nexplanon. It is a 4 cm rod that contains progestin and is placed under the skin in the upper arm. It can last for up to three years and upon removal, fertility returns immediately.
Long Acting Progestin Injection (Depo-Provera)
Known as Depo-Provera, this method of birth control involves the injection of a long-acting progestin that can prevent pregnancy for up to three months. It is important that if the patient desires continued protection, they maintain their three-month visits without lapse. The disadvantage of this method is the potential inhibition of fertility for up to a year post-injection and prolonged use can induce temporary but substantial bone loss.
Schedule an Appointment with Capital Women’s Care Today
If you are looking for a more long-term solution for birth control, talk to a provider at Capital Women’s Care. We will help you decide which long-term birth control is the right option for you.