Thyroid Health

Highlighted thyroid in the human body

The thyroid is a small, yet mighty organ located at the base of you neck. Its purpose is to produce “thyroid hormone” (TH) that regulates your body’s metabolism, including temperature and heartbeat. Women, especially those age 35 and over, are more likely than men to develop a thyroid disorder. In fact, the American Thyroid Association reports that one in eight women will develop thyroid problems during her lifetime.

Thyroid disorders can cause problems with your period, including amenorrhea (skipped periods) or early menopause, difficulty becoming pregnant, or issues during pregnancy.

Potential Risk Factors for Women

Thyroid disorders can be caused by a number of factors, including:

  • Autoimmune disease
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Environmental toxins


Overactive thyroid, called hyperthyroidism, means your thyroid produces too much TH. The result is your bodily functions speeding up, and can include weight loss, irregular heartbeat, irritability, insomnia, sweating, anxiety, more bowel movements than usual, and changes in menstrual periods. Hyperthyroidism also increases your chance of osteoporosis.


Underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, means your thyroid produces too little TH. The condition causes many of your bodily functions to slow down, including metabolism, with symptoms such as lower energy, weight gain, joint and/or muscle pain, tiredness, puffy face, and slower heart rate.

Treatment for Thyroid Disorders

Once diagnosed, most thyroid-related issues can be managed with medication. Hyperthyroidism can be treated with surgery to remove part of or the whole thyroid, which can, in turn, cause hypothyroidism. Hormone replacement therapy will be necessary in these circumstances. Discuss the benefits and potential risks with your doctor to determine the best course of action.

Contact your Capital Women’s Care provider for information and resources to find the help you need should you experience any issues.

Our Mission

The providers of Capital Women's Care seek the highest quality medical and ethical standard in an environment that nurtures the spirit of caring for every woman.


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