Hypertension: Know Your Numbers

Blood pressure tools

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure or HBP, is referred to as the silent killer since there are generally no symptoms. It can sneak up and put you at risk for heart disease, the leading cause of death of women, as reported by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. To supplement a blog from earlier this year, we’d like to dive deeper into understanding your blood pressure and, in turn, how to reduce your risk of hypertension.

Know Your Numbers

Blood pressure consists of two numbers. Systolic (top number) measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats. Diastolic (bottom number) measures the pressure in the arteries between beats.

Blood pressure guidelines:

  • Normal range: below 120/80
  • Elevated range: 120-129/less than 80
  • Stage 1 HBP: starts at 130-139/80-89
  • Stage 2 HBP: 140+/90+
  • Crisis: Over 180 systolic and/or 120 diastolic

Reduce Your Risk

  • Get your blood pressure checked regularly
  • No smoking and limit exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise
  • Balanced diet low in sodium, cholesterol, and saturated fat; high in potassium
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Stay physically active; at least 90 minutes of activity per week
  • Know your family history
  • Follow the treatment plan recommended by your doctor

Your Capital Women’s Care provider will take your blood pressure at every visit and advise if you should see someone for elevated pressure. You can also visit the American Heart Association website for interactive tools, resources, and even recipes for high blood pressure-friendly dishes.

Our Mission

The providers of Capital Women's Care seek the highest quality medical and ethical standard in an environment that nurtures the spirit of caring for every woman.


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