Conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disease, and blood clotting disorders (known as thrombophilias) are of special concern while you are pregnant because of the risk they pose to you and your baby. While most women with these types of conditions have uneventful pregnancies and healthy babies, they do require special monitoring and, in some cases, treatment during pregnancy:
If you are diabetic and become pregnant, your health and that of your baby can be at risk. The risk of having problems during your pregnancy is greatest when your blood sugar levels are too high. By controlling your blood sugar levels during your pregnancy, you can reduce the risk of:
Your doctor will closely monitor you during your pregnancy. Regular screening tests will be used to ensure early detection of any problems you or your baby may be having. You can also take the following steps to manage your diabetes during your pregnancy:
In most cases, women with diabetes go into labor normally when the time comes and have a normal vaginal delivery. They may require special monitoring of their glucose levels and the baby during labor. If there are problems during pregnancy, labor may need to be induced early.
After birth, most babies do well. Some babies may need to spend time in a special care nursery. Problems that may occur include:
These problems are not serious in most cases and are all treated fairly easily soon after birth. If your blood sugar levels are well controlled during pregnancy, your baby is less likely to have problems after birth. Women with diabetes can breastfeed their babies in most cases.